Brussels sprouts, cabbages, and cauliflowers
July is the time to sow cabbages for next spring, if you choose the right variety. If space is tight, sow them in a temporary seedbed and transplant them later in the year. Now is your last chance to plant out any Brussels sprouts, winter cabbages, and autumn cauliflowers that you’ve been growing from seed.
Plant out Brussels sprouts seedlings that you’ve raised in pots.
It’s late for sowing or planting broccoli now, although certain cultivars may still give you an autumn crop.
Florence fennel and kohl rabi
Sow a few more fennel seeds this month for a crop in the autumn, before the first hard frosts. And some more kohl rabi, too – they should then last you through until Christmas.
Peas and French beans
This is your last chance for sowing or planting out peas and beans. Any later and the pods are unlikely to develop before the onset of frosts.
Even dwarf or bush French beans can do with some support from sticks as the pods develop.
Continue to sow kale, Swiss chard, and oriental leaves such as mizuna, mibuna, chop suey greens, Chinese broccoli, and mustard greens. They are hardy enough to last well into autumn.
Pick young, barely formed Oriental mustard leaves for trendy “micro greens” salads.
Finish transplanting or “dibbing in” leeks raised in pots, modules, or temporary seedbeds. They should all be in their final growing position this month.
Drop each leek seedling into a hole made with a dibber, then fill with water. The soil will fall back around the stem of the leek as it grows.
Lettuces and other salad crops
Succession sow more lettuce, rocket, land cress, corn salad, and other salad leaves for an ongoing supply in the autumn.
Sow your last batch of beetroot now. Late varieties of carrots and turnips can still go in next month.
Endive and chicory
Continue sowing both sugarloaf and radicchio forms of chicory. It’s probably your last chance to sow or plant out endive.
Swiss chard/Spinach beet
Text and photographs copyright © 2010 Alan Buckingham.